FMCSA list of ideal attributes that should be part of a safety oversight model:
Flexible – Accommodate changes to the transportation environment, such as evolutions in technology and changing programmatic responsibilities.
Efficient – Maximize use of resources to improve agency productivity, as well as the safety performance of members of the motor carrier community.
Effective – Improve safety performance and increase the quality of contact with the motor carrier community by identifying behaviors associated with poor safety and focusing compliance and safety efforts on those unsafe behaviors.
Innovative – Improve safety through the innovative use of data and technology to leverage impact. Improve timeliness and accuracy of data used for determining safety fitness, and pursuing enforcement actions against unsafe entities of the motor carrier community. A key factor to the success of this component is the information technology/business transformation project COMPASS.
Equitable – Assess and evaluate motor carrier safety and enforce federal laws and safety regulations to ensure fair and unbiased treatment of similarly situated members of the motor carrier community.
Regulations for Drivers
Behavioral Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories
The BASICs currently under consideration to generate this measure are:
Unsafe Driving – Data would include driver traffic violations and convictions for speeding, reckless driving, improper lane change, lack of attention, and other unsafe driving behavior.
Fatigued Driving – This would be distinguished from incidents where unconsciousness or an inability to react is brought about by the use of alcohol, drugs, or other controlled substances. Data would include (1) hours-of-service violations discovered during an off-site investigation, on-site investigation, roadside inspection, or post-crash inspection, and (2) crash reports with driver fatigue as a contributing factor.
Driver Fitness – Operation of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) by drivers who are unfit to operate a CMV due to lack of training, experience, or medical qualification. Data would include (1) inspection violations for failure to have a valid and appropriate commercial driver’s license, or medical or training documentation, (2) crash reports citing a lack of experience or medical reason as a cause or contributory factor, and (3) violations from an off-site investigation or an on-site investigation for failure to maintain proper driver qualification files, or use of unqualified drivers.
Controlled Substances and Alcohol – Operation of a CMV while impaired due to alcohol, illegal drugs, and misuse of prescription medications or over-the-counter medications. Data would include (1) roadside violations involving controlled substances or alcohol, (2) crash reports citing driver impairment or intoxication as a cause, (3) positive drug or alcohol test results on drivers, and (4) lack of appropriate testing or other deficiencies in motor carrier controlled substances and alcohol testing programs.
Vehicle Maintenance – CMV failure due to improper or inadequate maintenance. Data would include (1) roadside violations for brakes, lights, and other mechanical defects, (2) crash reports citing a mechanical failure as a contributing factor, or (3) violations from an off-site investigation or an on-site investigation associated with pre-trip inspections, maintenance records, and repair records.
Improper Loading/Cargo Securement – Shifting loads, spilled or dropped cargo, and unsafe handling of hazardous materials. Data would include (1) roadside inspection violations pertaining to load securement, cargo retention, and hazardous material handling, and (2) crash reports citing shifting loads, or spilled/dropped cargo as a cause or contributing factor.
Crash/Incident Experience – Histories or patterns of high crash involvement, including frequency and severity. Data would include law enforcement crash reports and crashes reported by the carrier and discovered during on-site investigations.